Veterinary radiology (X-ray) is an essential, non-invasive part of treatment in animals; an accurate interpretation of medical images is critical to developing an effective treatment plan for your pets. A board certified specialist in veterinary radiology is a licensed veterinarian who has obtained intensive, additional training in all aspects of radiology, including radiographs (X-rays), computed tomography scans (CT scans), ultrasound (US), nuclear medicine imaging (NMs), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs). They play a key role in diagnosis and treatment for veterinary cases.
WestVet is pleased to offer the services of Andrew Gendler, DVM, and Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Radiology (ACVR). In addition to completing an undergraduate degree and four years of veterinary school, Board Certified Veterinary Radiologists have also completed an internship and residency—an additional 3-5 years training—and successfully passed rigorous board examinations.
Advances in imaging technology have dramatically improved the diagnosis and treatment of serious diseases and injuries in our pets. As a Veterinary Radiologist, Dr. Gendler collaborates with other specialists at WestVet and referring general practice veterinarians to:
- Pinpoint a diagnosis
- Confirm the best course of treatment
- Identify traumatic injuries
- Provide additional expertise by reviewing medical imaging
The WestVet Outpatient Imaging Center offers state-of-the-art technology in animal radiology for our patients and outpatient services based upon referrals from your primary care veterinarian. You may download referral forms HERE.
After the imaging study is conducted, the findings are communicated verbally to the referring veterinarian as soon as possible in order for the referring doctor to determine the next diagnostic or therapeutic step. Patient owners will be presented a cohesive plan of action based on the results of imaging, and the input of the radiologist and primary care veterinarian.
Stable patients may be discharged to owner for continued care and/or follow-up with their primary veterinarian. Patients that require more medical or surgical intervention may return to the primary veterinarian's hospital or be admitted to WestVet based on a collaborative plan.
Estimates may be provided to referring veterinarians upon request and prior to referral. Patient costs can be minimized by having ancillary items such as pre-anesthetic blood work and intravenous catheters completed before referral. Owners will always be presented an estimate for their outpatient imaging visit. Owners will be responsible for charges incurred based on approved estimate.
VETERINARY RADIOLOGY SERVICES AT WESTVET
Ultrasound (US) is a painless imaging procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to generate images of anatomy of interest. Ultrasound is a very sensitive tool used to evaluate the abdomen, cranial mediastinum and the heart.
This is a noninvasive procedure and does not involve the use of radiation.
Additionally, ultrasound allows image-guided needle aspirates and biopsies of hard to reach tissues while minimizing complications. Most ultrasound exams can be completed with the patient awake or with a small amount of chemical restraint. Difficult biopsies or fractious patients may require more sedation and/or general anesthesia.
Computed Tomography (CT) is a painless imaging procedure in which ionizing radiation provides tomographic images (slices) of the patient. CT scanning provides incredible anatomical detail of structures like the skull, nasal passages and elbows while avoiding the problems of superimposition seen on plain radiographs.
Orthopedic CT studies are routinely performed with heavy sedation, while more involved CT studies (CT portogram, CT urogram) require short episodes of general anesthesia (30 to 40 minutes).
CT is the best imaging modality to evaluate complicated joints like the carpus, tarsus, and elbows. It is also well employed for patients with nasal disease, head trauma, and thoracic and abdominal masses. CT can track IV contrast boluses to visualize the arterial, venous, and portal circulation. CT-excretory urography assesses the kidneys, ureters and urinary bladder. Finally, CT post-myelogram is often performed to further characterize any spinal cord compression detected.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)- This powerful imaging tool enables your veterinary radiologist to see soft tissues such as the brain or spinal cord, joints, and cardiovascular structures in even better detail than with radiographs (x-rays) or CT-scan. MRI uses a strong magnetic field to excite or shift hydrogen ions (found in all tissues) and then read the energy given off as they relax to their normal state. Ionizing radiation (x-rays) are not employed to image the patient. MRI is the gold standard for imaging the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord and is also utilized to evaluate patients with lumbosacral stenosis syndrome and suspected iliopsoas muscle injury. General anesthesia is required during all MRI scans.
PennHip certification - PennHip evaluation is the radiographic measurement of passive hip laxity and can be acquired as early as 16 weeks of age. Passive hip laxity is a reliable predictor of the development of coxofemoral degenerative joint disease in dogs and cats. PennHip radiographs are acquired with the patient under heavy intravenous sedation.
Fluoroscopy - Fluoroscopy is a non-invasive procedure which uses x-rays to help capture and monitor video images of specific parts of the body while they are in motion. Fluoroscopic exams provide real time images using low levels of ionizing radiation. Fluoroscopy is typically utilized to evaluate the trachea in cases of tracheal collapse, and the esophagus and pharynx for patients with swallowing disorders and regurgitation. Needle aspiration/biopsy may also be performed under fluoroscopic guidance.
Contrast radiography - refers to any radiograph acquired after a contrast medium has been administered to highlight or outline specific structures. This may include room air or CO2 gas, barium sulfate, or iodinated contrast agents. Typical contrast studies performed at WestVet include: myelogram, fistulogram, cystourethrogram, intravenous pyelogram, and upper GI barium series.